), wrapped in the leaves or flowers of Piper betle L. In India and Pakistan, tobacco is often added, though not in Taiwan or Southern China. It grows best in dry, gravelly or sandy soil, and is often found on hillsides and slopes (2,4). ›Acacia cetachu ›Senegalia catechu (L.f.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb. The plant is called khair in Hindi, and kachu in Malay, hence the name was Latinized to "catechu" in Linnaean taxonomy, as the type-species from which the extracts cutch and catechu are derived. ex Rottler) Maslin. Overview Information Catechu is an herb. In Assam, India, cancer of the esophagus is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in males, and ranks second for females (Phukan et al 2001). PRIMARY view: This is a sub-concept of substance: CHL342Y4LA. Ken Fern, It is a very popular plant commonly known by the following names black catechu, black cutch, catechu, cutch, cutch tree, dark catechu, gum catechu. Senegalia senegal or Gum Arabic is a small, spiny, deciduous tree native to semidesert regions of Sub-Saharan Africa, Oman, Pakistan, and west coastal India. The antimutagenic action of Piper betle is thought to be due to antioxidant constituents such as eugenol, chevibetol, hydroxychavicol, allyl pyrocatechol, α-tocopherol and β-carotene (Amonkar et al 1986; Azuine et al 1991; Chang et al 2002; Rathee et al 2006). overview; data; media; articles; names; Scientific Names. fleckii: named after geologist E. Fleck, who collected the type specimen in the 1800’s. Chemical structure of gallic acid. Arathi Nair, ... Bhaskar Saha, in New Look to Phytomedicine, 2019. SENEGALIA CATECHU BARK. The species of the genus Senegalia were considered members of the genus Acacia until 2005. DC. Hurter & Mabb. The earliest clinical studies involve the use of Acacia catechu to treat lepromatous leprosy ( Ojha et al., 1969 ). Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Preferred Names. This plant has no children Legal Status. The level of adducts increased to 1 in 108 (100 million) nucleotide bases by week eight (Randerath et al 1993). Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Govaerts, R. et al. Black cutch (Senegalia catechu P.J.H. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Senegalia catechu is found in Asia, China, India and the Indian Ocean area. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. is a moderate-sized deciduous tree native from Asia which is valued for the production of tannin ("cutch") extracted from its heartwood. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Scientific or Botanical Name Acacia Catechu Common Names Koir, Kheriya Baval, Kher Kagli, Khair, Sandra, Cutch Tree, black catechu Acacia campylacantha Hochst. Senegalia catechu in Kew Science Plants of the World online.The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Published on the internet. LEGUMINOSAE CAESALPINIOIDEAE Mimosoid Clade Senegalia catechu Anand A. Zanwar, ... Subhash L. Bodhankar, in Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease, 2014, Gallic acid (GA) is a common and important antioxidant that has been reported to occur in various plants such as oak bark, tea leaves, green tea, apple peels, grapes and used in polyherbal formulations such as gall nuts, sumac and wine. GA content found in Pu-erh tea was the highest at 5.53 mg/g.2 Borde et al.3 reported GA in different Ayurvedic herbs and formulations: Acacia Arabica (Babool) 0.593 mg/g, Acacia catechu (Khair) 0.091 mg/g, Eugenia jambolana (Jamun) 1.094 mg/g, Terminalia chebula (Hirda) 7.144 mg/g, Terminalia belerica (Behda) 6.46 mg/g, Punica granatum (Dalimb) 1.915 mg/g, Phyllanthus emblica (Amla) 27.36 mg/g, Triphala 18.24 mg/g, and Chyavanprash 2.234 mg/g. Through derivatives of the flavanols in its extracts, the species has lent its name to the important catechins, catechols and catecholamines of chemistry and biology. Safrole-DNA adducts were found in the livers of mice who drank commercial cola drinks ad libitum for up to eight weeks, while they were not found in mice who drank non-cola soft drinks or water. Apart from its pharmacological role, GA acid is also used commercially in tanning, ink dyes and paper-manufacturing industries.4, Shahrzad et al.5 have reported GA bioavailability results of compound (50 mg) in 10 healthy humans. It cited betel leaf as probably not carcinogenic in animals (http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/vol100E/mono100E-10.pdf, accessed July 10th 2012). However, the levels of safrole-DNA adducts found in the liver were surprisingly low, suggesting that there may be no causal relationship between the safrole-DNA adducts and the cancers. Accepted Name Black catechu ... Common Dryland Trees of Karnataka: Bilingual Field Guide. Moreover, various parts of A. catechu extract show antimicrobial properties against a number of pathogens including Salmonella typhi (Rani and Khullar, 2004), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans (Negi and Dave, 2010), Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Shigella spp. It was demonstrated that catechin-like compounds were strong therapeutic candidates for protection against the cognitive decline caused by the HIV. (Meliaceae) [82] harvested in Cameroon, Holothuria atra (Holothuriidae) [83], Thalassodendron ciliatum (Cymodoceaceae) [84] from Egypt, Psidium guajava (Myrtaceae) [85], Acalypha wilkesiana “Godseffiana” Muell Arg (Euphorbiaceae) [86] from Nigeria, Terminalia sericea (Combretaceae) [87], Peltophorum africanum (Fabaceae) [88] and Guibourtia coleosperma (Fabaceae) [89] from South Africa. A. catechu shows its immunomodulatory effect on both cell-mediated and humoral immunity. The reason why many Taiwanese quid chewers develop cancers must therefore be due to one or more other carcinogens. Senegalia catechu (L. In Hindi, it is called ‘Katha’. Mabberley's Plant-Book: A Portable Dictionary of Plants, Their Classification and Uses 1021.; Links []. It is also know for its medicinal uses.Seeds Specifications Seeds per Packet 3000 Common Name Babul, Cachu, Catechu, Koir, Kheriya Baval, Kher Kagli, Khair, Sandra, Cutch Tree, black catechu Height Up to 15 m Flower Colour White to pale yellow Bloom Time July to August Difficulty Level Easy Planting and careAfter about six months in a nursery, the seedlings can be planted in the fieldSenegalia catechu … Hurter & Mabb., formerly known as Acacia catechu (L.) Willd., Oliv.) ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128146194000185, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128000182000200, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978032347720800016X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123984562000803, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780443062414000126, Harmful and Protective Effects of Phenolic Compounds from African Medicinal Plants, Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants, Recent advancements in oral delivery of insulin: from challenges to solutions, Polyphenols in the Prevention and Treatment of Vascular and Cardiac Disease, and Cancer, Anand A. Zanwar, ... Subhash L. Bodhankar, in, Padma et al 1989a, 1989b; Azuine et al 1991; Bhide et al 1991a, 1991b, 1994; Jeng et al 1999a; Rao et al 1985; Trivedi et al 1994, Jeng et al 1999b; Miyazaki et al 2005a; Dasgupta et al 2006, http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/vol100E/mono100E-10.pdf, Amonkar et al 1986; Azuine et al 1991; Chang et al 2002; Rathee et al 2006, http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/ourcompany/ar/pdf/2009-per-capita-consumption.pdf. collect. [excluded] black cutch Classification. Kurz. I am very much sure that Senegalia catechu , Senegalia polyacantha as well as Senegalia chundra are distinct species. The above illustrates the possible interactions of carcinogenic and anticarginogenic constituents in relation to human risk. fil.) The tree is a source of tannins, known as 'catechu' or 'cutch', which has a wide range of uses including in medicine, as a dye and preservative, and as an ingredient of 'paan', a widely used mildly narcotic masticatory.

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