[28] Get an ad-free experience with special benefits, and directly support Reddit. There's this separation. Union Stock Yards, after the knockout. That's when Chicago's infamous Union Stock Yard opened to the public, in 1865. The animal was then lifted into the air to begin the slaughtering process. the crucible steel blade contains closely spaced points or teeth. taken around 1878. But the first Christmas after the Civil War is a key date to note. ... Union Stock Yards, hog wheel c. 1907. The Union stockyards were so important because this mass industry really changed the way Americans, well, the way the world thinks about food. Videos, collections, interactive images/websites, and articles are, Pictures of family members are not allowed in. They saw just about everything. steel components have been refinished and treated with a cleat coat lacquer. the heel with tension screw remains in working condition. Then it would pass onto an army of 150 men and women who would dress the hog. The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co., or The Yards, was the meatpacking district in Chicago for more than a century, starting in 1865. One of the earliest to move into the area was the Armour plant in 1867. The use of assembly line techniques — or, really, "disassembly" line techniques — began very early in Cincinnati, but they were used here in Chicago very effectively. The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co. of Chicago received its first bellowing arrivals on Christmas Day 1865 in 15 rickety cattle-cars pulled by a puffing, wood-burning locomotive. And then the hog would be lifted into the air by the Hurford wheel, and they'd go to the sticker, who basically cut the hog's throat. 9:00 am: fat cattle, slaughter cows & bulls . You'd walk into a rather nice waiting room and were taken by the guides. Please only submit historic photographs. Publication date 1893?] (2516x1849), A crying Sudeten woman as she dutifully salutes Adolf Hitler as German forces sweep into Czechoslovakia, October 1938. We would love to have you stop by and visit the Union Stock Yards Co. It's impossible to pinpoint the exact moment Americans embraced industrialized food. About this Item. and join one of thousands of communities. Revolving hog wheel. At the very beginning, the tours were given by street kids, but eventually the packinghouses had organized tours with uniformed tour guides. https://www.learner.org/series/biographyofamerica/prog14/transcript/page02.html, [–]henrysmith78730 1 point2 points3 points 4 years ago (0 children). The old Union Stockyards in Chicago, early 1900s. Sure. New specials weekly. And then they were brought onto the kill floor, about 12 or 13 at a time, where a shackler would shackle the hind leg. Because the new modern industry was quite a spectacle to behold, says Pacyga, and it was by watching it that Americans began to change their relationship to meat. And the fact is that the presentation of the modern was both intriguing and frightening. The view from the Union Stock Yard water tower looking southwest to the sheep house and Packingtown, circa 1890. At the time, a young film student, Mark Mamalakis, went to the yards to capture the end of an era. It made it less personal. If you have any questions check out the FAQ. The operation would only last thirty more years, closing at midnight on July 30th, 1971. Foreign writers and businessmen came to Chicago to observe the operations at the stockyards. 9 The rules of the Stock Yards are, that the animals must be fed and watered before they are weighed, and without such weighing they cannot be sold. As part of the spectacle of the packinghouses, a worker shackled the leg of a hog onto a revolving wheel known as a Hurford wheel. original late 19th century oversized union stock yard slaughter house butcher saw with original opposing beech wood handles intact. And then they were brought onto the kill floor, about 12 or 13 at a time, where a shackler would shackle the hind leg. The Armour plant was built at 45th Street and Elizabeth Avenue immediately to the west of the Union Stockyards. The town's cotton mills at their peak of their prosperity with 99,000 power looms in operation. (2322x3000), The Weavers Triangle, Burnley Lancashire, 1910. Include an accurate description of the photograph (event, location, war, year, etc) in the title. View of the Union Stockyards from Swift Canadian Co. Ltd. plant [looking east] (1942) Source: Archives of Manitoba, St. Boniface - Stockyards 1, AMD-11-1. It quickly became the symbol of the market and the meat industry in Chicago. They were killing 6,000 to 7,000, maybe even 8,000 hogs a day. Hogs were driven to the roofs of the building, where they were allowed to cool down. © 2020 reddit inc. All rights reserved. Make sure your image is hosted by an approved host. So it is perfectly normal for your post to not show up in the new listing. Those of us who live in cities don't have a personal relationship with the meat we eat. The stockyards closed 40 years ago, in 1971. One author called it "man, meat and miracle." pigs, sows, boars, lambs, goats, llamas & baby calves : back to farm cows, cow/ calf prs, feeder cattle The world renowned (and once major tourist stop - including visitors such as Rudyard Kipling, Sarah Bernhardt, Edward, Prince of Wales and Marlene Dietrich) Union Stock Yards, in the summer of 1941. It was a spectacle.". Actually, it's kind of hard for contemporary people to think about: Why would you take children to see this? In 1848, a stockyard called the Bulls Head Market was opened to the public. What exactly did people see when they toured the stockyards? Things not on topic are comments that, but are not limited to, solely consist of a joke, (political) soapboxing, etc. It was this grand spectacle of something that was very common. The slaughterhouses got their livestock from Chicago's Union Stockyards: 475 acres of cattle, hogs and other animals shipped here from all over the country. Enlarge [ digital file from b&w film copy neg. ] Photo, Print, Drawing Chicago - Meat Packing Industry - Swift & Co.'s Packing House: killing hogs, shackling pen and wheel. It was a spectacle. And remained a tourist attraction well into the 20th century. The Union Stockyard and Transit Company, known commonly as The Chicago Stockyards, was a major industrial hub in Chicago for more than a century. The castle-like gate was once the main entrance to the vast stockyards where millions of cows and hogs met their ends each year. Opened in 1865, Chicago's Union Stock Yard was the greatest livestock market the world had seen. Tourists watched masses of animals move through kill … "As late as the 1950s, grade school children in Chicago were taken to see the hog slaughter. Regarding reposts: it is not a repost unless it was posted to /r/HistoryPorn within the last three months, or if it's already in the top 100 of all time. Fourteen year old Mohawk and future Olympic gold medalist Waneek Horn-Miller cradling her younger sister after she herself was bayoneted in the chest by a Canadian soldier. It was south and west of the earlier stockyards in an area bounded by Halsted Street on the east, South Racine Avenue on the west, with 39th Street as the northern boundary and 47th Street as the southern boundary. Opened Christmas Day, 1865. And the same amount of sheep. How did that "spectacle" or the "presentation of the modern" change the way people thought about their food? In the book, you mention that when the stockyards opened, they were quite a tourist attraction. How? The entire operation, from the killing wheel to the death locker, took less than ten minutes. Union Stock Yards, End … Systematically Planned and Organized by Octave Chanute a. use the following search parameters to narrow your results: All posts will be reviewed by a human moderator first before they become visible to all subscribers. When the wheel began to rotate, the hog was jerked into the air, upside down, squealing and kicking, and was carried by the movement of the wheel to an overhead rail that ran the length of the building, on a descending angle, from the top to the bottom floor. One hundred years ago, more meat was processed in Chicago than anywhere on the planet. The Union Stockyards Administrative Office, built in 1912 on a design by local architect John Woodman (1967) Source: Archives of Manitoba, Architectural Survey - Winnipeg, Marion Street, Sheet 1. Personal attacks, abusive language, trolling or bigotry in any form is not allowed. Todd Protzman Davis shared Kevin Watts Imagine the smell? The stockyard was a livestock market: 450 acres covered with pens and railroad chutes and office buildings. Titles should not include any political or cultural interpretation or observation. Twice, they peaked at over 18 million. Armour plant, Union Stock Yards, Chicago, 1912 [1024x643]. If you have any questions or feedback feel free to let us know! Be sure to check-out the full list of history-related subreddits. This new plant employed the modern "assembly line" (or rather dis-assembly line) method of work. Three Eastern Railroads Purchased 320 Acres in the Town of Lake. Images submitted here must be of historical events, taken at least 20 years ago. UNION STOCK YARDS AND SLAUGHTER HOUSES. Collection americana Digitizing sponsor Between 1852 and 1865, five (5) … Revolving hog wheel. The district was operated by a group of railroad companies that acquired marshland and turned it into a centralized processing area. The Union Stock Yards, designed to consolidate operations, was built in 1864 on swampland south of the city. Union Stock Yards, cooler. Rendered by PID 6548 on r2-app-0706053c27dbb5c55 at 2020-12-05 17:48:14.170033+00:00 running a7f2daa country code: US. Big packing houses were killing 1,500, 2,500 steers a day. [1600 x 907]. The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co., or The Yards, was the meatpacking district in Chicago for more than a century, starting in 1865. It was actually the miracle of mass industrialization. The Bulls Head Stock Yards were located at Madison Street and Ogden Avenue. The mechanized process with its killing wheel and conveyors helped inspire the automobile assembly line that Henry Ford popularlized in 1913. From 1893 to 1933 there were never fewer than 13 million head of livestock at the stockyards annually. Chicago's Union Stock Yard and the World It Made. But as late as the 1950s, grade school children in Chicago were taken to see the hog slaughter. Union Stock Yards c. 1908. The killing and cutting process for cattle was different, but was performed with equal efficiency. And it must have been absolutely fascinating to people in the 19th century to see this mass [of livestock] coming together. Notice the smoke rising from the huge plants. [780 x 439], Oct 1956 - As part of an initiative to promote credibility of the polio vaccine Commissioner of Health Leona Baumgartner, right, holds the arm of Elvis Presley as Assistant Commissioner Harold Fuerst administers it [1000x1000], First Photo of the Acropolis in Greece c.1842 [500x200], British adventurer, soldier, and author, Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence, or "Lawrence of Arabia" riding a camel, 1916. ... 13 at a time, where a shackler would shackle the hind leg. In 1890 it took about eight to 10 hours for a skilled butcher and his assistant to slaughter and dress a steer on a farm. Just a massive amount of animals. Union Stock Yards c. 1909. Sep 21, 2013 - Find high resolution royalty-free images, editorial stock photos, vector art, video footage clips and stock music licensing at the richest image search photo library online. In business since 1931 and in Hillsboro since 1958. In the years that followed, several small stockyards were scattered throughout the city. Do you think that, because people were able to watch this spectacle, it actually helped bring about this change that separated us from where meat comes from? Opened in 1865, Chicago’s Union Stock Yard was the greatest livestock market the world had seen. It drew hundreds of thousands of people a year. We should keep the two apart. If you cannot find the date after a concerted effort, then a rough estimate or simply saying unknown date will suffice. In Chicago, it took 35 minutes. Also, it was sort of the beginning of mass industrialization, at least in Chicago. Please add commentary and supplementary information in the comments. Union Stock Yards in the 1870s, where more meat was processed than in any other place in the world. Suddenly it's removed from everyday life. They closed some 44 years ago, but Chicago's Union Stockyards profoundly shaped the development of the city and the modern world. A trip through the Union stock yards and slaughter houses ... Chicago, U.S.A. by Lambert, George William. Courtesy of Dominic A. Pacyga/University of Chicago Press It's removed from the human experience. By the 1890s, the railroad capital behind the Union Stockyards was Vanderbilt money. [1670x2048], photo of the partially excavated Great Sphinx of Giza, with the Pyramid of Khafre (left) and the Great Pyramid of Giza (right) behind it. REDDIT and the ALIEN Logo are registered trademarks of reddit inc. π Rendered by PID 6548 on r2-app-0706053c27dbb5c55 at 2020-12-05 17:48:14.170033+00:00 running a7f2daa country code: US. But the packinghouses adjacent to it were another several hundred acres of meat packing plants. By the turn of the 19th century, about 500,000 [people] a year were coming to visit the stockyards and the packinghouses. What was the purpose/function of that wheel? And then you were taken off to see the soap works, the hide rooms, through the whole thing. Armour, along with several other large meatpacking 1868-1869 Photographed by Benjamin F. Powelson. The famed architectural firm Burnham and Root designed the iconic entranceway to the Union Stock Yard in 1879. And people would come and take a tour of both. The Armour plant was built at 45th Street and Elizabeth Avenue immediately to the west of the Union Stockyards. Notice the elevated ramp or viaduct in the background, over which livestock were driven to the packinghouses. Keep the discussion on-topic. Assembly line techniques, or "disassembly" line techniques, were used very effectively in Chicago's Union stockyards, says, Courtesy of Dominic A. Pacyga/University of Chicago Press. The district was operated by a group of railroad companies that acquired swampland and turned it into a centralized processing area. Post Limit - Please limit your submissions to no more than two (2) per calendar day so as to give others a chance for their content to be seen as well!

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