It is recalled at the moment when one of them is being denounced for treachery. John chapter 13 KJV (King James Version) 1 Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.. 2 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him; BibliographyEdwards, Justin. (Luke 19:10) "For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many." "Commentary on John 13:20". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-13.html. 1905. "Verily, verily, I say unto you: He that receives him whom I shall send, receives me, and he that receives me, receives him that sent me.". "Commentary on John 13:20". BibliographyCalvin, John. (Bifield on the Colos.) BibliographyGill, John. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-13.html. This was a constant theme of Jesus' entire ministry, and it means that Jesus is God come in the flesh. 18 , 19 in reality bear a parenthetical character. "Commentary on John 13:20". And I declare to all the world to encourage them, that I shall take their receiving of you as kindly as if they received me, and it shall turn to the same account, and that is all one as if they had received my Father himself, for he sent me. 1. Mary did not doubt that. One of the themes of John 1:1-34 was the concept of "witness." Whoever, then, does not deign to receive the ministers of the Gospel, rejects Christ in them, and rejects God in Christ. Baur therefore regards this incident as consciously invented by the evangelist to serve the moral idea. (John 1:29) "For the Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost." https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/john-13.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/john-13.html. For example: • In the Prologue, the Evangelist declared, "In the beginning was … https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/john-13.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-13.html. That is His part, What is ours? Answer: Jesus’ Parable of the Leaven is found in two of the Gospels. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/john-13.html. What does James mean, "save" and how is it related to being sick? Bava Metzia, fol. ‘When Jesus had spoken thus he was troubled in spirit and testified saying, “I emphatically inform you that one of you will betray me”.’. Earlier, Peter said, Lord, to whom would we go? https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/john-13.html. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me. 20.Verily, verily, I tell you. Jesus, after He had commended the humble service of love and self-enunciation to His disciples by word and example (the feet-washing), now refers them to the dignity of their vocation, and shows them that they are called to high honour. Our Lord spoke this to comfort his disciples: he showed them that, although they should be rejected by many, they would be received by several; and that whoever received them should reap the utmost benefit by it. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. There was nothing to prevent the author from placing the two stories in juxtaposition. The disciples will witness Jesus death, which will seem to extinguish the words of eternal life. The one sent by Jesus, humble and faithful, who serves like Him, bears with him his Master, and, in His Master, God Himself. I tell you the solemn truth, whoever accepts the one I send accepts me, and whoever accepts me accepts the one who sent me." https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/john-13.html. All other rights reserved. 34. Calvin: Christ would “offendiculo mederi;” and Grotius: “ostendit ministeria ipsis injuncta non caritura suis solatiis.” The antithesis of the treason to the dignity of the apostolic circle (Hilgenfeld) He certainly does not mean to assert, so self-evident was this antithesis. 1. , של אדם כמותו ששלוחו, "that the messenger of a man is as himself". Up to this point in John, we have seen Jesus doing work that no one else had ever done before — making water into wine, giving sight to the blind, raising the dead. Further: to join John 13:20 with John 13:16-17 (Lampe, Storr, Klee, Maier, Hengstenberg, comp. 1874-1909. The absence of connection, employed by Strauss as an argument against the originality, is external, but not in the sequence of the thought itself; and besides, the emotion and agitation of Jesus are here to be taken into consideration. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". They were thinking in terms of a slip up (like that of Peter later) rather than of a catastrophe. & 42. It is very evident that John desired to rescue from oblivion what the tradition had neglected, and that he omitted what was sufficiently well known and what had no particular connection with the principal aim of his work. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/john-13.html. Luke 13:20-21). 1897-1910. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/john-13.html. 1840-57. This truth is one of those solemn utterances on which He would have them dwell, and is therefore introduced by “Verily, verily.” (Comp. - This passage has given rise to a variety of interpretations. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages. True spiritual pre-eminence puts an end to all common ambition, and has below its feet all such questions as, whether one should wash the feet of others, or be washed. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". of the next verse. ", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, he that receiveth whomsoever I send, receiveth me, and he that receiveth me, receiveth him that sent me, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. His disciples take His place and carry on His work, constantly leading one another back to Him, and washing away those weaknesses of faith, those defects of love, which their work in the world brings with it. Jesus had given to His disciples the pattern of self-humiliation, and had pressingly urged them to follow that example. 1832. Hilgenfeld surmises that the evangelist meant to substitute this narrative, imagined by him, for that of the institution of the Lord"s Supper which he designedly omitted (Einl., p. 711), as too distinctly recalling the Jewish Paschal supper. 1983-1999. To give the kingdom, in its true spiritual form—is it not to bear God in oneself and communicate Him to the one who receives you? "Commentary on John 13:20". BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 13:20". In either noun or verb form the word appeared seven times in the opening 34 verses. 1871-8. 20. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/john-13.html. The Nose of the Camel – John 13: 20 Very truly I tell you, whoever accepts anyone I send accepts me; and whoever accepts me accepts the one who sent me. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. John 13:20. When John states (John 13:30), “and it was night,” he means more than the fact that it was dark outside. Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. John 13:20. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Thus His spirit was troubled within Him, and this forced out of Him the anguished words ‘one of you will betray me’. 96. "The Fourfold Gospel". But, as we have seen, the meaning of the act of washing was altogether different, and this saying is too far separated from that Acts Vv18 , 19 , are a simple digression occasioned by the contrast between the fate of Judas and the happiness of the faithful disciples (John 13:17). Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me. He who is penetrated with the conviction that he is in the enjoyment of a divine mission, will not be ready to contend about the trivial honours of this world; he will freely surrender them to him whose worldliness of spirit finds nothing better to desire. John 13:20. ἀμὴν, ἀμήν, verily, verily) Jesus, after having imbued His disciples, in John 13:1 and following verses, with His own disposition, and His own purity, with a view to their sanctification, now also graces them with His own authority. Hence Judas, who was about to betray him, was also about to betray the cause of religion in the world, and to betray God and his cause. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-13.html. It has been generally supposed (Euthym(175), &c.) that the words were to comfort the Apostles for the disgrace of their order by Judas, or in prospect of their future labours. The more, however, that Jesus could not but apprehend a disheartening impression from the treason on the rest of the disciples, the more earnestly ( ἀμὴν, ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμ.) 1. Meyer andHengstenberg think that, in the presence of the treachery of Judas, Jesus wished to encourage His apostles by reminding them of the greatness of their mission. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board). That the Apostles might not mistake the real dignity of their vocation, in consequence of His exhortations to humility, Christ here at the conclusion points expressly to that dignity with designed allusion to an earlier utterance, Matthew 10:40 (comp. Why he repeats it at this time cannot now be known. From the disciples perspective, Jesus imminent departure seems catastrophic. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". I was thinking about this amazing statement today while in church. Through chapter 17, John's text will focus on the words spoken by Jesus in the last hours prior to His arrest. 1879-90. In view of Jesus" claim to be the "I Amos ," the disciples needed to appreciate that they enjoyed an intimate relationship with Jesus as His messengers. But this was not something that was easy for Jesus to accept. Whomsoever I send (αν τινα πεμπσω an tina pempsō). Question: "What is the meaning of the Parable of the Leaven?" Moreover He would warn them all from supposing that such a catastrophe either cancelled the mission or proved it to be worthless from the first. "Commentary on John 13:20". Let us observe that they are introduced by ‘Verily, verily,’ and that we are thus taken back to John 13:16 with the expectation that the thought here will closely correspond, although in a deepened form, to the thought there. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". "Truly, truly, I say to you, he who receives whomever I send receives Me; and he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me. Amen.… Mark 13:20 New International Version (NIV) 20 “If the Lord had not cut short those days, no one would survive. 1. “I came down from heaven not to do my will, but to do the will of Him who sent me.” (John 6:38) 4. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. Now, I want to stress that this is a theme that is developed all through this Gospel. Renewal 1960. Some will ‘receive’ them,—that is, will not merely view with favour their general work, but will accept them when they come, and because they come, to them in the same spirit as that which Jesus had displayed in the act which He had just performed towards them. Ver. Just as John 13:1; John 13:3 constitute a parallel to John 13:19, and there is One behind Jesus who is received when Jesus is received (John 13:20), so John 13:2 constitutes a parallel to the implied thought of Judas, and there is one behind the traitor whose children the rejectors of Jesus, as He acts in the apostles, show themselves to be. 20. He had clearly loved Judas and felt deeply betrayed. 1832. The Meaning of Footwashing 12 When Jesus had washed their feet and put on His robe, He reclined # At important meals the custom was to recline on a mat at a low table and lean on the left elbow. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-13.html. Another view is to refer back to John 13:16-17, and suppose the connexion to have been broken by the allusion to Judas. Men will thus divide themselves into two classes which will take up towards the apostles doing the work of Jesus the same position as that which the eleven on the one hand, and Judas on the other, had now taken up towards Jesus Himself. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. This verse occurs after Mary Magdalene has found Jesus ' tomb empty, except for two angels. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. The difficulty of tracing the connection of these words with the rest of our Lord’s discourse at this time has been felt by all commentators. Lampe observes on "whom I shall send:" "Christ, although preparing Himself to suffer, nevertheless foresees His dignity as King of the Church; and as such He will have His legates, whom He will send." There is an old saying that goes something like this: “If the camel gets his nose in the tent, the rest of him is soon to follow.” Now this admonition of Christ shows that it is unreasonable that the impiety of any whose conduct is wicked or unbecoming their office, should at all diminish the apostolical authority. Calvin) He hastens to add: ἀμὴν … πέμψαντά με [ ἄν τινα better than ἐάν τινα]. 20. It is desirable to pause here for a moment, and to ask as to the real meaning of the wonderful scene, the details of which we have been considering. More precisely, “If I send any one” (third-class condition, ανεαν an = τινα ean and πεμπσω tina indefinite pronoun accusative case, object of πεμπω pempsō first aorist active subjunctive of ει τις pempō to send). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/john-13.html. He that receiveth - This sentiment is found in the instructions which Jesus gave to his disciples in Matthew 10:40. Nor is this all; for, while the thought of which we speak binds the whole passage, John 13:1-20, into one, it also explains the apparently sudden transition to the powerful emotions stirred in the Redeemer’s breast by the thought of Judas at John 13:21, as well as the emphatic ‘Now’ of John 13:31,—now, when the last who would resist that true glory which consists in self-sacrificing love has been expelled. Everything pertaining to religion is connected together. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/john-13.html. Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. Truly, truly, I say to you, He that receives whomsoever I send receives me; and he that receives me receives him that sent me. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He who receiveth whomsoever I shall send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me. Ver. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". John 13:2 “And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;" https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/john-13.html. In these words either the Evangelist relates a discourse on a different subject, and in a broken and imperfect state, or, Christ intended to meet the offense which was likely to arise from the crime of Judas; for the Evangelists do not always exhibit the discourses of Christ in unbroken succession, but sometimes throw together, in heaps, a variety of statements. 1. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. BibliographyWesley, John. BibliographyGodet, Frédéric Louis. Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God.” Jesus said that Peter was blessed as this was revealed to him by God. "Commentary on John 13:20". BibliographyBurkitt, William. It was natural that such an end to such a mission should send Christ’s thoughts back to the beginning of it. The omission of this incident in the Synoptics is made an objection. Some think that by these words Christ aggravates the sin of Judas, as being committed against the Father as well as against Christ; and a most treacherous failure as to the duty of an apostle, or one dignified so much as to be sent out by Christ. The connexion is very difficult, and variously set down. The next temple was built when the Jews returned from exile under Zerubbabel in about 515 BC… 1865-1868. 1871-8. Bible: "This is said for consolation to those who must have received a severe lesson before." https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-13.html. John 13:20. “To the end”, meaning “to perfection” with perfect love. John 13:16). Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. Calvin) He hastens to add: ἀμὴν … πέμψαντά με [ἄν τινα better than ἐάν τινα]. But lest this announcement should weaken their confidence in one another and in their own call to the Apostolate (“probabile est voluisse Christum offendiculo mederi”. 20. ὁ λαμβάνων κ.τ.λ. 20. The story of the feet-washing, John 13:1-20,—after 13 retschneider, Fritzsche, and Strauss had rejected it as a mythical invention, whilst Weisse had recognised only individual portions in it as genuine,—has been justly defended by Schweizer, p. 164 ff., in conformity with its stamp of truth and originality, which throughout indicates the eye-witness; in opposition to which, Baur can only recognise a free formation out of synoptical material (see on John 13:2-5) in the service of the idea, as also Hilgenfeld, comp. Jesus said, Nevertheless I tell you the truth: It is to your advantage that I go away, for if I dont go away, the Counselor wont come to you. But, as Baur observed with respect to the resurrection of Lazarus, if such a fictitious story had been the product of the Christian consciousness and had been circulated in the Church, it could not have failed to appear also in the Synoptics. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 13:20". 1999. again and said to them, “Do you know what I have done for you? "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". Used by Permission. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. & 43. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/john-13.html. See Poole on "Matthew 10:24", the words of which place are but here repeated; either to commend to them brotherly love, and offices of love, which he had before recommended to them under the notion of washing one another’s feet; or else to comfort his disciples, who might think that this treacherous villany of Judas would make them odious to the whole world: No, saith our Saviour, you are my messengers, persons sent by me; I will provide for you, there shall be those who will receive you. BibliographyAlford, Henry. He that receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me. Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. The lesson is far deeper. he that receiveth whomsoever I send, receiveth me, and he that receiveth me, receiveth him that sent me; I have sent you in my name to preach the Gospel; you are my ambassadors, and you will be honourably received by many; and which I shall regard and take notice of, and esteem, as though they had received me; even as my Father has sent me into this world, as a Saviour and Redeemer, a prophet, priest, and King; and as many as have received me, are looked upon by my Father, as having received him: in short, such as cordially receive and embrace the ministers of the Gospel, receive Christ, in whose name they come, and whom they preach; and such who receive Christ, as preached and held forth in the everlasting Gospel, receive the Father of Christ; and partake of his love, grace, and kindness, shown forth in the mission and gift of Christ to them: Christ, as Mediator, represented his Father that sent him; and the ministers of Christ represent him; so that what is done to them, either in a way of reception or rejection, he takes as done to himself: it is a common saying among the Jews (c), "that the messenger of a man is as himself". But what result could be attained by this means in the second century, when the Lord"s Supper was celebrated throughout the whole Church, unless that of rendering his Gospel liable to suspicion? But it was a matter of inculcating upon them ineffaceably the spirit of His work and of their future mission; and this was the last moment for doing this. BibliographyJ. It is certain that it is not closely connected with the subject of his conversation. He was also warning Judas of the greatness of the sin that he anticipated committing. This comes on the heels of an impassioned plea by Christ to the wider world, recorded at the end of chapter 12 (John 12:44–50). Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me. BibliographyHengstenberg, Ernst. John 20:13. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/john-13.html. James says it will "save the sick man, and the Lord will raise him up; and if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven." "Commentary on John 13:20". He said, “He who receives me, receives Him who sent me.” (John 13:20) 2. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". And for the furtherance and confirmation of this your fidelity in the faith, which, in spite of the treason arising from your midst, must not vacillate, I say to you, that ye may confidently go forward to meet your calling as my ambassadors (John 20:21). We know it was night, but John is using it as a double meaning. The connection here seems to be that despite the dishonour done to him by Judas, and similar treatment awaiting themselves, they were to be cheered by the assurance that their office, even as His own, was divine. But we must not limit ourselves to the notion that Christ here exhibits the other side, in order to obviate misunderstanding of the lesson of humility. Fo… https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/john-13.html. You have the words of eternal life (6:68). When the devil cannot estrange us from Christ by hatred of his doctrine, he excites either dislike or contempt of the ministers themselves. Beracot, fol. The key to understanding the meaning of John 20:23 lies in the previous two verses: “Again Jesus said, ‘Peace be with you! Laying aside all thought of earthly preeminence, seeking only the glory of God and not their own, they are to go out, like their Master, ‘in the form of a servant,’ and in a spirit of self-sacrificing love like His to be His representatives to men. Laying aside His glory He takes up His cross, not that He may justify disciples who are already His, who are ‘clean,’ but that He may bring them ever and again to Himself the source of all true spiritual nourishment, and may wash away any fresh stains of defilement which they have contracted in their work in the world. "Commentary on John 13:20". John 1:35-2:25. "Commentary on John 13:20". 13 Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end. God’s Spirit sometimes draws aside the doctrine to satisfy some soul, which the preacher knows not; and sparingly used, it quickeneth the attention. Others, it is implied, will reject them; will accept indeed the outward service, the external rite; but, yielding to the evil suggestions of Satan, and so proving themselves his children instead of the children of God, will cast away from them the precious truth of which the service and the rite were only the symbolical expression. Indeed we learn from the other Gospels that each thought that it might be him. 2012. The saying is one with which Christ had sent forth the Apostles in the first instance (Matthew 10:40). The two views are not placed in juxtaposition; but the consciousness of the dignity of their vocation must rather bring with it a willingness to humble themselves. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me. Comp. 1700-1703. The better known story would have confirmed the one which was less known. This relationship was similar to the one that Jesus enjoyed with His Father (cf. The son of perdition they looked upon only with amazement and grief. "Commentary on John 13:20". W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. They who received them received him, and they who received him received God. John 13:1–20 Jesus Washes the Disciples’ Feet 13 Now n before o the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that p his hour had come q to depart out of this world to the Father, r having loved s his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end. For all honour which the world could offer, would be in comparison only contemptible. (16:7). Thus they ‘fill up what is behind of the sufferings of Christ for His body’s sake, which is the Church’ (Colossians 1:24); and it is thus only that, suffering with Him, they shall at last be glorified ‘with Him’ (John 13:8) in His glory. 1. Verily, verily, I say unto you. John 13:20. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-13.html. Servant Leadership (John 13:1-20) Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project. To contend about such pitiable matters is below its dignity. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/john-13.html. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". The reason is, we ought to contemplate God, the Author of the ministry, in whom, certainly, we find nothing which we have a right to despise; and next, we ought to contemplate Christ, who, having been appointed by the Father to be the only Teacher, speaks by his apostles. He gives the assurance that those whom He sends as His apostles will be identified with Himself and with God. THE CONTEXT This Gospel is a richly woven tapestry that derives its richness from inter-related threads. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. John 5:19). Nor was it only on their account that he said this, but he also consulted the advantage of those who should come after; for, otherwise, the remembrance of Judas might, even at the present day:, do us grievous injury. We have here the basis of the designation of ministers in the Apocalypse, as the angels of the Church. So he who betrayed him, betrayed, for the same reason, God. Only in view of the manifest identity of the saying with that of Matthew 10:40, we are not to explain it in an essentially different sense (Luthardt explains of the sending of those needing the ministry of love to the disciples). "Commentary on John 13:20". John 20:13 is the thirteenth verse of the twentieth chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. But God may force it, yet man may not frame it; and it is a most happy ability to speak punctually, directly to the point. “My food is to do the will of Him who sent me.” (John 4:34) 3. He that received whomsoever I send - See similar words, Matthew 10:40, etc. BibliographyPett, Peter. “This is l… And I put my own honour upon you, my ambassadors. Scholten. John 13:20, ESV: "Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever receives the one I send receives me, and whoever receives me receives the one who sent me.”" John 13:20, KJV : "Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me." Of every one of them, even of Judas himself, the saying still held good, ‘he that receiveth whomsoever I send, receiveth Me.’ The unworthiness of the minister cannot annul the commission. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. These words provide essential background to this Sundays Gospel lesson. Matthew 10:40. "Commentary on John 13:20". On this account, while Christ was placing such a monster before the eyes of his disciples, it was also necessary that he should stretch out his hand to them, lest, struck by the novelty, they should fall back. 20.] He even includes in the thought of it the thought of the crucifixion now so near; and, as then He shall depart unto the Father, He affords now the most touching, the culminating, illustration of the fact that ‘the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister.’ That is the very essence of His glory, a glory so different from that of the world, so different even from that upon which the thoughts of His disciples were yet fixed.
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