Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The average temperature of Antarctica is about -49 degrees Celsius or about -56.2 Fahrenheit. Higher temperatures are expected to lead to more precipitation, which takes the form of snow. "We can't pin it down, but it certainly is consistent with the influence of greenhouse gases from fossil fuels", said NASA scientist Drew Shindell, one of the study's authors. Known changes in coastline ice around the Antarctic Peninsula: The George VI Ice Shelf, which may be on the brink of instability,[25] has probably existed for approximately 8,000 years, after melting 1,500 years earlier. The coast is warmer; on the coast Antarctic average temperatures are around −10 °C (14.0 °F) (in the warmest parts of Antarctica) and in the elevated inland they average about −55 °C (−67.0 °F) in Vostok. Overcast. Hana LaRock is a freelance content writer from New York, currently living in Mexico. Severe low temperatures vary with latitude, elevation, and distance from the ocean. However, wind chill sometimes makes things seem a … Melting or breakup of floating shelf ice does not directly affect global sea levels; however, ice shelves have a buttressing effect on the ice flow behind them. The lowest recorded temperature of any location on Earth's surface at 81°48′S 63°30′E / 81.8°S 63.5°E / -81.8; 63.5 was revised with new data in 2018 in nearly 100 locations, ranging from −93.2 °C (−135.8 °F)[7] to −98 °C (−144.4 °F). The 63.5 degree F high was set at near the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula. A reading from the Esperanza base in western Antarctica showed a temperature of 18.3°C last week, but another measurement at Seymour Island, less than 100km away, reportedly hit 20.75°C just a … To learn more, visit her website at www.hanalarockwriting.com. Most of Antarctica is a high, flat plateau of ice covered in snow throughout the year. Raising Earth's average surface temperature another degree Celsius will lock in 2.5 metres of sea level rise from Antarctica alone and an extra three degrees see the frozen continent lift oceans 6.5 metres, scientists warned Wednesday. Most of Antarctica has an ice-cap climate (Köppen classification EF) with very cold, generally extremely dry weather. This is when temperatures are warmest, the sun is shining, and the wildlife is active. The Antarctic Peninsula, located on the continent’s northwest tip near South America, is one of the globe’s fastest warming areas, and has experienced a 3-degree Celsius increase in average temperature during the last half-century, the WMO reported in a 2017 news release. [citation needed] The Antarctic Peninsula has the most moderate climate. [36], In their latest study (20 September 2007) NASA researchers have confirmed that Antarctic snow is melting farther inland from the coast over time, melting at higher altitudes than ever and increasingly melting on Antarctica's largest ice shelf. [16] Note that the quoted precipitation is a measure of its equivalence to water, rather than being the actual depth of snow. [21] The continent is also extremely dry (it is technically a desert), averaging 166 mm (6.5 in) of precipitation per year. The average annual temperature ranges from about -10 Celsius on the Antarctic coast to -60 Celsius at the highest points of the interior. [4][5] For comparison, this is 10.7 °C (19.3 °F) colder than subliming dry ice (at sea level pressure). Most Popular on TIME On average, the warmest month is December. Scientists in Antarctica have recorded a new record temperature of 20.75 degrees Celsius (69.35 Fahrenheit), breaking the barrier of 20 degrees for the fir The continent is also extremely dry (it is technically a desert), averaging 166 mm (6.5 in) of precipitation per year. East Antarctica is … A pamphlet about the weather and climate of Antarctica, Antarctica's central ice cap grows while glaciers melt, "AWS and AMRC Real-Time Weather Observations and Data", NASA experts explain ice melt in Antarctica (2014), "Sea Ice Index – Trends in extent – Southern Hemisphere (Antarctic)", "Coastal-Change and Glaciological Maps of Antarctica", "Coastal-change and glaciological map of the Eights Coast area, Antarctica; 1972–2001", "Coastal-change and glaciological map of the Bakutis Coast area, Antarctica; 1972–2002", "Coastal-change and glaciological map of the Saunders Coast area, Antarctica; 1972–1997", "Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World – Antarctica", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_of_Antarctica&oldid=991292379, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2014, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from February 2020, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from December 2019, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. (Weather station: Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica). Similarly, Saturn is a rather cold gas giant planet, with an average temperature of -178 °Celsius. The WMO in Geneva, which is the official arbiter of global temperature records, maintains that the all-time warmest temperature in Antarctica was 59 … Das hat ein brasilianischer Wissenschaftler der … The average annual temperature ranges from about -10 Celsius on the Antarctic coast to -60 Celsius at the highest points of the interior. [10][11] This temperature is not directly comparable to the –89.2 °C reading quoted above, since it is a skin temperature deduced from satellite-measured upwelling radiance, rather than a thermometer-measured temperature of the air 1.5 m (4.9 ft) above the ground surface. This season is quite brutal, with temperatures dropping well below freezing. [20] This is, however, very unlikely within the next few centuries. Wildland Adventures: Antarctica Seasons and Climate, Wanderlust Travel Magazine: What to Pack for an Antarctica Cruise, Australian Government, Australian Antarctic Division: Antarctic Weather, Aurora Expeditions: Antarctica Expeditions, Australian Government, Australian Antarctic Division: Antarctic Geography, Lonely Planet: Antarctica Travel Information. The total precipitation on Antarctica, averaged over the entire continent, is about 166 millimetres (6.5 inches) per year (Vaughan et al., J Climate, 1999). Most tour companies take visitors to the Antarctic Peninsula, which has the most moderate climate. Because ice flows, albeit slowly, the ice within the ice sheet is younger than the age of the sheet itself. If all the land-ice covering Antarctica were to melt — around 30 million cubic kilometres (7.2 million cubic miles) of ice — the seas would rise by over 60 metres (200 feet). Climate data and weather averages in South Pole. [12][13] The spot, which is located in the heart of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, is one of the fastest-warming places on Earth. On average, the coolest month is August. Lowest Temperature On Earth In Celsius. Even on a good summer’s day it’s minus 30 degrees Celsius, colder than the coldest winter’s night at the North Pole. The highest point is Vinson Massif at over 16,000 feet, while the other notable mountains are the Prince Charles Mountains and the Transantarctic Mountains. What Do I Need to Travel to the Tundra Biome? Average highs at the coastal Esperanza Base are well below 5 degrees C. Snow rarely melts on most parts of the continent, and, after being compressed, becomes the glacier ice that makes up the ice sheet. So it … It also did show that the temperature was very stable throughout the year.[39][40][41][42]. The Esperanza Base in Antarctica recorded 18.3 degrees Celsius (64.9 Fahrenheit) on Feb. 6, 2020. The weather in Antarctica can be highly variable, and the weather conditions can often change dramatically in short periods of time. Average temperatures on the continent have risen almost 3 degree Celsius over the past 50 years, and during that time glaciers along the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula have retreated. The average annual minimum temperature is: -76° Fahrenheit (-60.0° Celsius) Ask your tour operator for more specific suggestions regarding what to pack. The annual average temperature is -50°C (-58°F). In Antarctica, the average annual temperature ranges from -76 degrees Fahrenheit at the most elevated parts of the interior to 14 degrees along the coast. Time/General ; Weather ; Time Zone ; DST Changes ; Sun & Moon; South Pole-27 °F. The average annual maximum temperature is: -50.5° Celsius (-58.9° Fahrenheit) There is no native civilization in Antarctica, considering most of the continent is completely uninhabitable throughout most of the year. 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