The theoretical framework also provides unity and cohesion to research. A theoretic system narrows down the range of facts to be studied. The theoretical framework is the structure that can hold or support a theory of a research study. The qualitative analysis draws mainly on interview data from numerous participants in order to construct a grounded theory. The methodology to be used in order to demonstrate the hypothesis underlying the study is now decided. We begin our examination from an exceptionally particular thought, and change it into an extremely wide and summed up hypothesis. The theoretical framework explains the meaning and the nature of the studied phenomenon, so that this information allows to act adequately in front of it. We then discuss implications arising from this perspective and present a set of guidelines for multilevel research and theory development. Investigation. c. Theory helps us to make sense out of observed patterns. To elaborate a theoretical framework it is necessary to make an investigation of the bibliography that exists on the topic studied, and to adopt a theory or a theoretical perspective to approach the subject in question. Prediction - theories predict 3. d. Theory shapes and directs research efforts. On the contrary, the a theoretic empiricist would have no alternative but to predict on the basis of extrapolation. Five functions of theories: 1. Much research is clear about the theories being used, and the ways they are applied within the formation of the project. The theory to which the researcher turns off will serve as a framework for reading and understanding the results of the tests. Whereas an empirical finding as a proposition referring to certain concrete contextual manifestation of a phenomenon does not afford a basis for drawing diverse inferences about what will follow, its reformulation or revamping in theoretic terms affords a secure basis for arriving at the inferences about the varied positive consequences in areas quite remote from the central area to which the given finding relates. Similarly, to take another example, the seemingly isolated finding that wives complain of heavy expenditure when the husband’s relatives are in the house-guests may be understood on a higher plane of abstraction, to be an instance of the factor of emotional proximity or distance influencing perception. Durkheim envisioned society as an organism since each component plays a necessary role but can't function alone. theoretical research because it is designed to add to one’s understanding and store of knowledge, but without any particular practical goals ( … In this section will appear the meaning of the most recurrent terms and on which the phases of scientific knowledge converge on the subject studied. This way, the scope of the original empirical finding gets considerably extended and several seemingly disparate findings can be seen to be the contextual manifestations of the general principle. It allows us to locate the research object within a specific stream of thought and clarifies from the outset what the novel aspect of its proposal is. It also clarifies the theory or stance from which the researcher is addressing the problem of study. Concepts are the essential building blocks of a theory. Another contribution of theory for research is in terms of increasing the meaningfulness of the findings of a particular study by helping us to perceive them as special cases of the operation of a set of more general or abstract statements of relationships rather than as isolated bits of empirical information. Thus, such different sub-cultures as those emerging among different professional groups or social classes or small communities may be understood in the same terms. This adds depth to the research approach. If the variables come to be selected such that no relationships between them obtain, the research will be sterile no matter how meticulous the subsequent observations and inferences. Comprehension - theories promote understanding 1. For example, the empirical uniformity that Catholics have a lower suicide rate relative to Protestants does not by itself suggest diverse consequences in fields of conduct apparently far removed from that of suicidal behaviour. Theory can be defined as “a formal logical explanation of some events that includes predictions of how things relate to one another”. A theory is the framework used to explain observations and make future predictions. In other words, they are elementary constructs by which reality is classified and categorised”. Explanation - theories explain 2. In as much as a theory summarizes known facts and predicts facts which have not yet been observed, it also points to areas which have not yet been explored, in other words, what gaps typically obtain in our knowledge. The functions are: 1. A basic function of the theoretical framework is to establish a kind of glossary of … This clarifies general and specific terms and theories that are related to the object of study. It sacrifices controls and precision to some extent as compared with fundamental research. The prediction may be concerned with estimating whether a relationship between two variables, X and Y, which has been observed in the past, will continue in future, or it may be concerned with estimating whether changes in certain conditions will lead to changes in observed relationship (among the variables). . This element homogenizes the language used and unifies the working criteria used. Functionalism posits that society is more than the sum of its parts; rather, each aspect of it works for the stability of the whole. . Theory helps to gloss over any shortcomings in research findings. The results of research may also call a theory into question, causing it to be rejected or revised. Theoretical framework. b. It is expressed in a logical form and based on substantial evidence. (2011). In a quantitative disserta-tion, an entire section of a research proposal might be devoted to pre-senting the theory for the study. 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