Refrain Keep me alert and awake to the knowledge that the night has almost gone and the day for Christ's return is fast approaching. all our former sins, which are called works of darkness, here, and in Eph 5:11. Are you as convicted as I am beloved?! Help me to be a living sacrifice and a shining light in this darkened world and help me to lay aside any and every worldly activity that discredits Your name, and I pray that I may clothe myself daily in Christ's armour of light, as I see the day of His return approaching. Your foes may be found in your own household, and they may wound you at your own table. Armor (3696) (hoplon) originally referred to an "implement" and then was specialized to mean any tool or implement for preparing a thing, such as a ship's tackling, a cable, a rope, a tool of any kind (blacksmith tools, sickle, staff) and then when used in the plural it referred to weapons of warfare including "armor" as translated in the present passage. The call to love our neighbor as ourselves ups the ante of living as a Christian. Romans 13 doesn’t mandate a pledge of allegiance to any leader—except Jesus—in everything. Clothe yourselves with the armor of right living, as those who live in the light." all Christian graces, which are bright and shining in the eyes of the world, Mt 5:16; and which will be as so much Christian armour, to defend us against sin, and all the assaults of Satan. Hughes writes that light people "ought to be like the little boy whose family clock malfunctioned and struck fifteen times, so that he rushed wide-eyed to his mother crying, "Mommy, it's later than it's ever been before!" It is interesting to notice that the metaphor of the Christian armour occurs in Paul’s letters throughout his whole course. IN THE MIDST OF He was the dawn of the new era. The writer of Hebrews admonishes believers to "consider how to stimulate one another to love and good deeds, not forsaking our own assembling together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another; and all the more, as you see the day (the day of Christ's return) drawing near (eggizo in the = it is continually on its way!) 14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof. We have to struggle for every step. First, as I read this familiar story, listen closely and try to … Metaphorically (as in this verse) nux/nýx describes the time of moral and spiritual darkness that enshrouds this present world and is radically, irrevocably opposed the light of the Gospel of the glory of Christ (2Co 4:4-note, 2Ti 1:10- note) and the Light of the world (John 8:12) and to His "light people" who are left in the world (Jn 17:15, 16, 17) to be spiritual lights (...by their good [God/supernatural] works which draw attention not to the natural man but to the Supernatural God = Mt 5:16-note...by [supernaturally enabled] not grumbling which causes us to appear as lights in the world = Php 2:14, 15-note). We sometimes feel that we are surrounded by evil leaders who seem to have an anti-God agenda and we find it difficult to understand why. Beloved believer, called out from among the night people and transferred into the family of "light people" (1Pe 2:9-note, Col 1:13, 14-note Acts 26:18), how often do you think about the glorious imminent return of our Bridegroom and King, Christ Jesus, Whose return will bring down the final curtain on this present, passing darkness? 2:19; 13:12; 1 Co. 4:5; 2 Co. 4:6; 6:14; Eph. The more the armor of God is struck at—the stronger it is; the more faith is assaulted—the more vigorous it is; the more zeal is opposed—the hotter it is. So we should get rid of the things that belong to the dark and take up the weapons that belong to the light. By faith, put on the armor and trust God for the victory. More likely you will rip it off and fling it as far away as possible so that you can put some distance between you and the stench! 2:9; 2 Pet. Have done with lesser things. Apotithemi - 9x in the NT - Mt. Brace your soul to action: there is work for you to do to-day which angels might well envy you. Romans 13 is a short chapter that continues the theme of Romans 12. Romans 13:12 The night is almost gone, and the day is near. In other words because of the nearness of the day of Christ's return, lay aside those deeds associated with your former life lived in spiritual "darkness" even as as nightclothes are laid aside in the morning. The night is far spent, the day is at hand; In which is perfect day. . It thus depicts the return of Christ as impending. It is used once in the NT of actual weapons (Jn 18:3) and elsewhere, metaphorically to describe either the members of the body as instruments of unrighteousness (Ro 6:13-note) and as instruments of righteousness, the "weapons" of righteousness (2Co 6:7) and finally the "weapons" of the Christian's warfare (2Co 10:4-note). 12:18; 1 Pet. 4:8; 5:8; 1Pe 4:7, Newell - It is good to know, in our wrestling with "the principalities and powers, the world-rulers of this darkness, " that the night is far spent, the day is at hand. These time phrases serve to stimulate a sense of urgency regarding how we live life each day, for once that day is gone, it is irretrievable! It is time for you to stir yourselves, and see what can be done with the golden hours for the glory of your Redeemer’s name. You must be cleansed in the blood of Jesus before you can be clothed in the white linen which is the righteousness of the saints. Be Thou my Helper, to carry me on beyond my own strength, and to make all that I think, and speak, and do, acceptable in Thy sight, through Jesus Christ. ‘The night is far spent; the day is at hand.’ But the dress that befits the expectant of the day is not yet the robe of the feast, but it is ‘the armour’ which, put into plain words, means just this, that there is fighting, always fighting, to be done. Paul was way out in front, already a leader. The devil makes all the haste he can to outwork the children of light—in a speedy despatch of deeds of darkness, because he knows his time is short. Many need rough shaking and loud calling before they will be thoroughly awakened. In Acts 7:58 we find an interesting literal use of apotithemi Luke recording that... when they had driven (Stephen) out of the city, they began stoning him, and the witnesses laid aside (apotithemi) their robes at the feet of a young man named Saul (Whose name was later changed to Paul). Confirm the truth of the Apostle’s assertion—, Our Lord, in reference to the season afforded him for accomplishing his Father’s work, calls this present life, day, and the future, night. The armour is ‘righteousness on the right hand and on the left.’ Stick to plain, simple, homely duties, and you will find that they will defend your heart against many a temptation. Alas, many professors are as greedy of gain as ever they were; but they wear religion over the top of their miserly rags, and want you to call the churl generous, though he is as stingy as he can be. John makes a similar allusion to the spiritual darkness of this present world and how "light people" are to behave in the midst of "night people"... On the other hand, I am writing a new (kainos - "fresh") commandment to you (Ed: to love one another = "the fulfillment of the law" = cp Ro 13:8, 9-note, Ro 13:10-note), which is true in Him and in you, because the darkness is passing away (present tense = continuing to pass away = a process that is progressing) and the true Light is already shining (the process of removing the darkness has already begun and light people, who are letting His love shine, are impacting the darkness, a process which will come to consummation when the Redeemer returns to the earth to finally and fully eliminate spiritual darkness). Grace is bullet-proof armor; it may be shot—but it cannot be shot through. Wake up! In light of the imminent return of our Lord, Peter gives us the following exhortation "And so we have the prophetic word made more sure, to which you do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts. Come out, be separate, touch not the unclean thing! “The Lord whom we look for, our Sun and our Shield.” See more. "Similarly," cries the apostle, "let us put off whatever is inconsistent with the inspection of the day." Paul’s admonitions in 13:1–7 should be read as a continuation of his exhortations in chapter 12. But it is also a time for revelations, especially by dreams as the consciousness is released from the empirical world.... Figuratively, night is a time when there can be no work (Jn. Alas, that some Christians should be usually seen in this latter posture! Shed them like dirty clothes. “Overcome evil with good” (Romans 12:21). Rise up, O men of God! YouTube Version by Phil Keaggy. Victor, Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. There must be a taking away of the love of sin, there must be a renouncing of the practices and habits of sin, or else a man cannot be a, Christian. In this sense darkness may be described as evil. So let us lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. Wuest says that the idea of the aorist tense here is "let us at once and once for all clothe ourselves.". For there is no authority … Live for Him, not for yourself, for Him, not for the world. Of glory that then will from Heaven be revealed! Please not yourself, even as Jesus pleased not Himself. Why? “The people shall dwell alone, and shall not be reckoned among the nations” (Numbers 23:9)? Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition … James calls on us to "Be patient, (aorist imperative = command to make this a top priority) therefore, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. "Walk in the light! He ushered in the day (Ed: cp Lk 17:21). Compare the use of "apo" translated "far away" in (Lk 16:23). We are to be purifying salt and shining lights in a darkened and distasteful place. Seeing that there is a ‘putting off’ to go along with the ‘putting on,’ the process is a very long one. 1989. Your friends do not come down stairs wrapped in the sheets which wrapped them at night; we should suppose they were seeking their graves if they did so. Put them off. Picture yourself taking off a filthy, foul garment. Our Lord’s coming brought a brief day—a “day of visitation,” (Lk 19:44) and of actual blessing, if they received Him. AMEN. And how can anyone preach unless they are sent? Besides, much of the time allotted for the performing of it, is spent already; and that which remains must be short, and may be terminated in an hour. You can't read the newspapers without being aware that there is an air of sober experience on every side. PTL!) (Romans 13 Verse by Verse Commentary), Denny comments "the Christian's life is not a sleep but a battle.". In Paul it is the time before the consummation of God’s rule (Ro 13:12). OR Wuest writes that prokopto "means “to blaze a way” through a forest, “to cut a pioneer path.”. (1Th 5:4, 5-note, 1Th 5:6, 7-note, 1Th 5:8-note). Its dark skirts are already visible in the heavens. Paul began Romans 12 by declaring that the only reasonable response is to become living sacrifices in service to God. In the dark man gropes around uncertainly (Plato, Phaedo, 99b), since his ability to see is severely limited. He will not let slip any opportunity whereby he may do mischief. Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible Distributing - The word used here denotes having things in “common” κοινωνοῦντες koinōnountesIt means that they should be communicative, or should regard their property as so far common as to supply the needs of others. Thus only shall we be “good soldiers of Jesus Christ;” but thus armed, we shall be “more than conquerors through him that loved us.”, Now the urgency of this duty appears strongly as it is connected with the foregoing assertion. The middle voice conveys the "reflexive" sense, and so the idea is "you yourself lay aside". ‘Put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ,’ and do it day by day, and then you have ‘put on the whole armour of God.’. Work while it is called to-day (Jn 9:4KJV), and as you wish to be faithful servants of your gracious Lord be up at once. So then let us cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light. But here it is more our “walking in the light, as God is in the light,” that is in view. So you can run with endurance the specific race (agon) God has set out before you! ‘Walk in the light, as He is in the light’ ? Up, then, and warn them- urge and entreat them to flee from gathering wrath. The transition period will be over. Use … What does this verse really mean? Have done with day dreams as well as night dreams and come to stern matters of eternal fact. Are we daily, as sure as we put on our clothes in the morning, putting on Christ the Lord? 1986. Bury them, burn them; they are my cast-offs.” Let us only remember our evil habits to weep over them; let us only speak of them to warn others, and to glorify the grace of God. Some people are too fine to do real service for the Lord. 20:26, 28; Deut. This, as “armour” to the soul, protects it from the fiery darts of Satan, and aids it in all its conquests. Why, I thought my danger was over. Abbreviation: Rom. Hoplon - 6x in 6v in the NT - Jn. The wages of sin is [eternal] death (Romans 6:23). Enduo is used in the NT sometimes literally as in (Mt 27:31, Acts 12:21) but as in the present passage is also used figuratively (The following are also figurative uses - Lk 24:49, 1Co 15:53,54, 2Co 5:3, Gal 3:27, Eph 4:24, 6:11,14, Col 3:11,12, 1Th 5:8). We sin by choice, voluntarily clothing ourselves with its evil. Put it off. New International Dictionary of NT Theology. Romans 13:12 . Darkness is therefore Hades, the world of the dead, which already reaches out into our world in the mythical figures of the Eumenides, the children of Skotos and Gaia (Soph., Oedipus Coloneus, 40). 1. a. 28:41; 29:5, 8, 30; 40:13f; Lev. 9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. “Therefore...let us put on the armour of light” (Ro 13:12). and you shall see 1:15; 11:1; 14:42; Lk. Go forth and see what herbs are to be planted, what weeds are to be rooted up, what part of the garden needs watering, and which of the vines need pruning. “If possible, as far as it depends on you, live at peace with everyone” (Romans 12:18). This is why we are taught that the secret of loving is not to struggle after it, not to work up some affection for somebody, but simply to put on the Lord Jesus Christ {see Col 3:10ff-see notes; Col 3:12, 14-}, make His life available to you, appropriate all that He is, and cast away the works of darkness -- then you begin to love. Adam Clarke - Here is an allusion to laying aside their night clothes, and putting on their day (light) clothes. 2…. Were we angry, morose, malicious? Since we are “light in the Lord,” let us so walk and war! It may be a secret sin which we nurse in the dark, and which almost instinctively rises to our thought when we approach the Lord's table, or attend a convention for the promotion of Christian living, or watch in the silent chamber of mortal sickness (F. B. Meyer. The night is far spent; the day is at hand; therefore let us put off the works of darkness—the night-gear that was fit for those hours of slumber. Since all anxiety ultimately derives from the fear of death, the ominous character of darkness culminates in the darkness of death which no man can escape (cf. but from your sins. OTHER THINGS Romans 13:12 The night is almost gone, and the day is near. By the indwelling Spirit working through our new nature in Christ, we not only have every resource necessary to forsake the deeds of darkness but also every resource we need to put on the armor of light. * 1Let every person be subordinate to the higher authorities, for there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been established by God.a 2Therefore, whoever resists authority opposes what God has appointed, and those who oppo Why? 15:33; Lk. Wake up! The night is almost gone, and the day is near Therefore let us lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. You should rise from the sleep of inaction. (Amplified Bible - Lockman). Lift high the cross of Christ! The dispensatio of the grace of God is reaching its fullness and we must not allow ourselves to drift into some form of narcotic slumber or get sucked into the increasing deception that is flooding both the corridors of government and many church congregations. Such "garments" are no part of the spiritual wardrobe for those who have presented themselves to God as living, holy sacrifices (Ro 12:1-note, Ro 12:2-note). The righteous man never gives over the spiritual combat, until the trophies are hung up and the palm branches are put in his hand in token of victory! Long ago many of them had been brought to Him. Paul expects the attitudes and actions that are to typify believers’ relationships with their fellow believers should also typify their dealings with the governing authorities. I need to be a light in the midst of a great darkness. Since the next great event in God's redemptive plan is the Second coming of Jesus Christ, the night, no matter how long chronologically, is "nearly over." 7:19; 10:25; Jas. CHAPTER 13 Obedience in Authority. Simple and homely as the figure is, it conveys a lesson which I pray you to remember. 2 j God has not rejected his people whom he k foreknew. Let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light. But it is still true that "the night is nearly over." ‘That,’ says Paul, ‘is what you Christian people ought to be. How impossible then that we should let ourselves sink back into a darkness corrupted by sinful acts. Therefore (oun) grounds the duties now depicted (Ed: Cp Ro 13:12, Ro 13, 14-note) in the consciousness of the impending end. Were we greedy, grasping, covetous? Enabled by His Spirit (Who puts the desire and power in our heart - Php 2:13-note) we then work out our salvation in the daily challenges we all face and our experience will be ever increasing fruit of righteousness (cf Phil 1:11-note, Ep 5:9, Heb 12:11-note, Jas 3:17,18) which is known as progressive sanctification ("Present tense salvation"). In opposition to these, we are required to clothe ourselves with righteousness, which, as “light,” is heaven-born, and approves its own excellence to all who behold it. (Romans 9-16. If you are ever to belong to the day, you have to equip yourselves now with armour and weapons. Who dwells in cloudless light enshrined, Her strength unequal to her task; AND THE DAY IS AT HAND: e de hemera eggiken (3SRAI): The day - "What day?" Now, the first thing that strikes me is that the garb for the man expectant of the day is armour. Is it not “high time then that we should awake out of sleep?” Should we not begin without an hour’s delay, and “work with all our might?” Yes; let us all “gird on our armour, and fight the good fight of faith.”. There will not be another night for me, and therefore I shall not want them. It was the great consummation on which the strongest desires of their souls were fixed, to which their thoughts and hopes were habitually turned. Romans 13 tackles three big areas that living-sacrifice Christians must address. John MacArthur - Lay aside here carries the idea of forsaking, or renouncing, and in this context obviously refers to repentance from the deeds of darkness, a general term that includes all sins in which a believer may indulge. You too be patient; strengthen (both verbs are commands - aorist imperative) your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand. (A)So let us put aside the deeds of darkness(B)and put on the armor(C)of light. Christians are soldiers in the midst of enemies, and their life a warfare, therefore their array must be armour, that they may stand upon their defence-the armour of God, to which we are directed, Ephesians 6:13, etc. Hence to promote, and intransitively to go forward or proceed. Notice how in the previous passage (Ro 13:11-note), Paul piles up time phrases (the time...already the hour...now salvation is nearer...then when…the night is almost gone…and the day is at hand). (1Jn 3:2-note, 1Jn 3:3-note), Comment: As we contemplate the nearness of this day, this glorious truth should renew our minds and motivate us to be holy as He is holy (1Pe 1:14-note, 1Pe 1:15, 16-note, 1Pe 1:17-note, cp Mt 5:48-note, cp Ex 6:7; 19:6, Lv 11:44,45, 20:7,26 ,19:2, Dt 7:6,14:2). This light—His light—forsakes the evil one. It has induced people to drop into mere fantastic sentiment, or to ignore this contemptible present, and think that they have nothing to do with it, and are only ‘waiting for the coming of the Lord,’ and the like.

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