Height/Width: Up to 30-40 feet; 3-10 (tree crown), Sunlight Requirement: Indirect sunlight in partial to full shade. The Best Soil for Ferns. As the name suggests, the fronds of this variety resemble the antlers of a stag. Instead, they grow on other plants or trees in their native habitats. One of the best ferns for containers, native to North America, it’s known for its unique light green foliage. Ferns can reach 12 inches to 6 feet tall, depending on the type and growing conditions. A delicate and high-maintenance species with varying shades of green leaves. This plant is truly beautiful, offering up a work of art in your garden. However, unlike some other fern varieties, the birds nest fern is forgiving of occasionally dry conditions. In fact, these ferns are so tall that they can reach heights of up to 5 ft. (1.5 m). Autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora, USDA zones 6 to 9; find your zone) is an evergreen fern with bronze-colored new growth. Being one of the tallest ferns types out there, the Ostrich fern can reach up to 1.5 meters in height. As suggested by the name, it is one of the large tree fern types growing 2-4 m (up to 14 feet) tall. There are a number of outdoor ferns to choose from with the following being the most common: This list of winter hardy fern varieties has lots of perennial fern species you can use – tall ferns, evergreen ferns, short ferns and even a few ferns … Can grow half or fully submerged in water, and has a slow growth rate. It likes to be kept in moist but not wet conditions, and so, relies on a well-draining soil to thrive. Suitable for: Tall hedges, borders, groundcovers and planting with flowers like rose. It requires warm conditions, only being hardy in USDA zones 9 to 11 when kept outside. Ferns are one of the oldest existing plant species and date back over 350 million years. Needs plenty of humidity and regular pruning of dead and discolored fronds to survive and grow. Water the plant when the top of the soil is dry to the touch, but never allow the whole pot to dry out. Australian Tree Fern. And gardening is one such hobby that can be a most effective stress buster, which at the same time infinitely improves the aesthetics of your home. Different Types of Indoor and Outdoor Ferns with Pictures Ferns are one of the oldest types of plants in existence, dating back over 350 million years. Ferns sometimes find themselves with a bad reputation of being tricky to care for, and it’s true that many people struggle to keep ferns thriving, but this is more commonly down to people not understanding their care requirements. Ensure it is planted in well-draining soil to allow any excess water to pass through the soil and out of the pot’s drainage holes. It will grow best in loose, fertile, moist soil. Knowing these characteristics can help with fern identification. Let us know in the comments, and please share this page with others who may be interested! It is a perfect indoor plant with its air-purifying powerhouse nature and can thrive well in low light conditions. They are available in three species including Japanese, Hawaiian and East Indian holly ferns. The bird's nest fern (Asplenium nidus) is one of the most attractive plants in this group and requires little special care when given the correct environment. They are one of the most popular types of plants used for shaded areas, as they thrive in low light conditions, bringing much-needed greenery and life to dark and dull corners of both gardens and homes. Ferns can reach 12 inches to 6 feet tall, depending on the type and growing conditions. They can thrive well in low light indoor conditions, bringing much-needed greenery to the dull corners of your house and garden even in winters. Button ferns like enough water, but do not grow well in soggy soil. The name comes from the leathery small compact round button like leaves, attached to a long curvy stem that turns dark red as the plant matures. The plant will be evergreen in warmer climates and deciduous in areas that experience frost. Most prefer rich, humus-filled soil so make sure to mix compost into planting holes and cover them annually with 2 inches of organic mulch. Its name comes from its bright red stems, which are laced with pale green feathery foliage. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Ferns do not produce flowers and instead are prized for their fronds, which delicately unfurl to reveal unusual and attractive plants. Just ask Lyndall Heyer. Unless you have a lot of ground to cover, avoid aggressive ferns such as ostrich ferns (Matteuccia struthiopteris) and sensitive ferns (Onoclea sensibilis). Types of Ferns. Still, there are certain varieties that do better as a houseplant than when grown in the yard, and vice versa. Types of Ferns to Grow Outdoors. Best Ferns for Gardens and Landscaping. Sunlight Requirement: Indirect sunlight to full shade (15-25°C (55-80°F). As suggested by the name, it is one of the large tree fern types growing 2-4 m (up to 14 feet) tall. Ferns are versatile, and there are many types to grow to suit your garden. They are varying shades of green and rely on constantly moist soil and high humidity to survive. Another Australian native, this tropical fern, has mid-green leaves with dark green veining with an unusual texture that is said to resemble crocodile skin. This fern gets its name from its glossy green leaves, which have a leathery texture. Though a perennial, it is hardier to draught and sunlight than other similar ferns. Learn more. Sunlight Requirement: Partial to full shade (can thrive in full sun if stays in standing water all day). These “bonus” ferns can easily be moved to other areas too. Suitable for: The lacy effect created by the flowing fronds of soft little leaves on dark stems makes it one of the best options for hanging planters. The plant is hardy through USDA growing zones 4 to 9, making it suitable for growth in a wide range of climates. Suitable for: Groundcover (especially for any swampy areas), borders, a backdrop for flowering plants, around pools and water gardens. Height/Width: about 30 inches; around 1 foot, Sunlight Requirement: Bright indirect sunlight, Suitable for: Great potting plant for any room, or even the porch (as long as it gets enough humidity). Immature fronds bend backward and hang like tassels before straightening themselves gradually. You will need to maintain evenly moist soil to keep this plant happy. Like most ferns, it enjoys moist, rich soil and does best in a position of shade. Also known as crispy wave fern, plants that receive more light produce crinkled fronds resembling seaweed, while those growing in full shade have flat fronds more like proper leaves. Early Black Friday deals. With leaves that resemble the tail of an ostrich, these ferns are also one of the prettiest. These ferns are epiphytes, which means that they do not grow rooted in soil. Some ferns grow in sun while others prefer shade. Team it with bold textured plants, such as mother-in-law’s tongue (Sansevieria trifasciata), seen in this image, or hostas, for added contrast and drama. It’s a hardy plant that is drought-resistant and. The Crocodile Fern, sometimes known as an alligator fern a Crocodylus fern or a crocodile plant, is a fern native to Australia with a slightly unusual texture on its leathery crinkled fronds that resembles a crocodile’s skin. The plant grows well in high humidity and moist soil types. 8. Height/Width: 20–98 in; 6–15 centimetres (2.4–5.9 in) broad, Sunlight Requirement: Requires filtered, indirect sunlight. Another evergreen variety with graceful, arching fronds that alone grow over a foot in length. Outdoor ferns are cultivated outside the house, such as in garden premises. Once you understand the needs of ferns, they are actually very easy to care for and have so much to offer. Never try to cover these growths with soil as that will lead to root rot. They require high humidity and consistently moist soil to thrive. It grows to around 3 feet in height, with a similar width and does well in either full shade or partial shade. To grow this fern as a houseplant, position it in indirect light. Tips for outdoor ferns: One important thing you need to know is that over exposure to sunlight might dry out the ferns. Too much direct sunlight may cause leaf burn. for 1+3, enter 4. Scientific name: Nephrolepis cordifolia “Duffii”, Suitable for: Hanging planters, ornamental houseplant. Commonly growing in swampy areas, it can survive in various soil types including lime soil, and tolerate some direct sunlight, though then it cannot attain its maximum height. The vibrant greens of ferns sing out on woodlands floors, but it can often be difficult to distinguish one species from another – learn how to identify some of the UK's most common fern species and the best places to plant. This large fern stands at a mature size of 6 feet wide and 3 feet tall, occupying a substantial amount of space in the home garden. Scientific name: Microsorum diversifolium, Height/Width: 1-1.5 feet; up to 3 feet (or wider if growing outdoor), Sunlight Requirement: Indirect sun/partial shade. Ostrich ferns (genus Matteuccia) are one of the tallest types of outdoor fern for your garden. The fiddleheads of certain ferns, including the western sword, ostrich, and royal are edible, commonly eaten as a vegetable. In indoor cultivation, staghorn ferns are typically grown mounted on wooden boards, wire baskets, or on other supports that provide the essential perfect drainage. In today's world threatened by Global Warming and pollution, plants are life's best friend. This family of ferns do not produce flowers or seeds, but reproduce through spores and are prized for their fronds, which delicately unfurl to reveal unusual and attractive plants. This plant also works well as a groundcover or in containers. This type of fern is one of the most beautiful additions to all decorative-deciduous herbaceous perennials, which are often used in the design of flower beds due to the unusual texture and spectacular color of the leaves. Like other perennial plants, you can divide ferns in spring or fall. A fondness for ferns. It gets its common name from the upright soft feathery fronds that resemble ostrich tail feathers. Learning how to take care of ferns depends mostly on the type you grow. Mar 4, 2013 - Explore Teresa Katz's board "Types of ferns" on Pinterest. The lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina) is hardy in zones 4 through 8 and is a native plant in many parts of the US. This plant is an Australian native fern, with the name ‘Kangaroo paw’ which refers to the long fronds of the fern, which resemble the big feet of the kangaroo. For a Healthier Greener Garden. In fact, these ferns are so tall that they can reach heights of up to 5 ft. (1.5 m). Scientific name: Athyrium niponicum pictum, Sunlight Requirement: Partial sun to full shade. Not tolerant of drought at all, the Australian tree fern needs weekly watering to keep the soil moist at all times. This plant is not known to be toxic, but still, the best practice is always to keep houseplants out of reach of small children and pets. Which type of fern do you like best? But, because Boston fern can grow 3 feet tall and 3 feet wide, it are often a better choice for outdoor situations.
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